Al abrir el congreso, el rector  Ignacio Sánchez fue claro sobre la relevancia del arte en la formación docente, recalcando el interés de la Universidad en crear instancias de reflexión sobre la importancia de la relación entre arte y educación de niños(as) y jóvenes. Por su parte, Lorena Medina, Decana de la Facultad de Educación,  compartió esta opinión y señaló ”No me cabe duda que si  a las artes se les apoyara más, la mejora educativa daría un gran salto”. Estas palabras  se tradujeron en aplausos que repletaron el salón Fresno de Casa Central. Sin duda, esto mostró panorama esperanzador con  respecto a nuestra formación como docentes, entendiendo las artes como motor de desarrollo del pensamiento y a la experiencia artística creativa como un proceso fundamental que permite establecer relaciones ricas y variadas con  el mundo que nos rodea (Lowenfeld & Brittain, 2008).

Me pregunto entonces, como estudiante de cuarto año de Pedagogía en Educación Básica ¿Cómo es posible que de los 50 ramos que nos exigen aprobar para egresar con el título de Educador(a) General Básica sólo 1 ramo  sea de educación artística? ¿Cómo es posible que una  Universidad y Facultad que reconocen la importancia del arte en la educación planteen que solo  son necesarios 10 créditos de 500 para aprender a enseñar  y educar en las artes, de primero a sexto básico?¿En qué medida un ramo es suficiente? Cabe destacar que éste se divide en dos, siendo la mitad del semestre para artes visuales y la otra mitad para educación musical. Pareciera que solo con ver la malla la respuesta es obvia. No es suficiente y está lejos de serlo.

Por lo menos desde el  2014 he sido testigo de cómo en considerables ocaciones estudiantes de Educación han conversado con autoridades para solicitar más espacios de formación en educación artística, como abrir la mención de Artes Visuales, buscando que la especialización de nuestra profesión no radique solo en cuatro asignaturas. Sin embargo, la importancia de la educación artística  se ha quedado en el discurso. Las explicaciones  de las autoridades  han sido varias,  como por ejemplo  que “la carrera no puede abarcar tanto” o que “la malla esta acorde a los convenios de desempeño y estándares evaluativos nacionales”.

Me interpela profundamente la incoherencia ,tanto a nivel nacional como en la Universidad, de considerar la educación artística como elemento fundamental pero darle la espalda si no hay  evaluadores externos que nos posicionen en un determinado ranking. Me cuestiona hasta qué punto estamos aportando como Universidad desde un rol activo a la calidad de la educación del país considerando que quienes egresaremos de las carreras de Pedagogía educaremos, queramos o no, también en las artes.

Egresaré y egresaremos  de la que según el ranking QS es una de las 50 mejores carreras de Educación sin saber cómo dotar a nuestros alumnos(as) de experiencias artísticas que les permitan ver el mundo de manera diferente, sin saber cómo hacer que  se apropien del arte y la vivan, en palabras de María Acaso, “como un motor de cambio social”. Qué irresponsabilidad ser docentes sin saber educar en las artes. Seremos probablemente nosotros(as) quienes pediremos a sus hijos(as) que lleven a la escuela tubos de confort, fideos y témperas para hacer portalápices forrados en plastilina y collares hechos con fideos pintados para el día de la madre ¿A eso nos reduciremos?

Paradójicamente, el Congreso fue un valioso espacio de aprendizaje, reflexión y motivación, que permitió hacer visible este tema, pero recordemos que si tras la preocupación  y las ideas no hay ocupación, el discurso se queda como lo que es. Un discurso.

 

María Jesús Forteza

Estudiante de Pedagogía General Básica

 

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